861 end of tax exemption for monks and clerics
969 New capital founded , later named Al-Qahira
11th to 12th centuries, gradual movement of
the Patriarchate from Alexandria to Cairo
13th Century and later, major painting program
in Monastery of St. Antony near the Red Sea.
13th-14th Centuries, St. Antony's Monastery
is a center for production of Christian Arabic literature that
circulates throughout Near Eastern Christian communities. .