Egypt in Minnesota
pictorial tradtion stemming from Athanasius' Life of Anthony
or introductory page
St. Anthony (or Antony) commonly appears with a long white beard.
Often he is cloaked and hooded.
In the East, icons like the one immediately to the right often
show Anthony as a calm, outward gazing figure. In the West, he
may be shown at prayer, or as a reader surrounded by demons (see
Dürer, 1519, detail
|The demons ...were changed into the form of beasts
and reptiles. the place immediately was filled with the appearances
of lions, bears, leopards, bulls, and serpents, asps, scorpions
and wolves...The lion roared...; the bull seemed intent on goring;
the creeping snake did not quite reach him; the onrushing wolf made
straight for him..from .Athansius' Life of Antony 9 ,Gregg
detail of picture at left: the 'onrushing wolf', the creeping
snake, and a scorpion climbing a step.
|In the West, artists concentrate on his encounters
with demons, referred to as his "temptations". These encounters
are less frequently shown in the East, but one Eastern example can
be seen above.
Temptation of St. Anthony., details
St. Anthony goes to visit St. Paul (a still more remote hermit).
On the way, he meets a centaur.
It is St. Jerome who tells us this story, as well as the one
depicted on the preceding page in which St. Anthony sees a large
lump of gold and flees from it.